Install a certificate on Microsoft Exchange 2010 / 2013
1- PreparationTo install the certificate in Exchange 2010 / 2013:
- If you used the helper to generate your certificate request, use the helper to import it (in the Exchange Management Console, at the Server Organization root, choose Import Exchange Certificate.)
- If you used the Shell Exchange, launch the cmdlet Import-ExchangeCertificate (do not use the MMC!)
2- Importation through the shell
Import-ExchangeCertificate -Path c:\p7-0123456789-12345.p7b | Enable-ExchangeCertificate -Services "SMTP, IMAP, POP, IIS"See also:
Import-ExchangeCertificate -FileData ([Byte]$(Get-Content -Path c:\p7-xxxxxxxxx-yyyy.p7b -Encoding byte -ReadCount 0))
In Exchange: manual activation of an already installed certificateShould an error of importation occur, or after a manual importation of the certificate via the MMC, you will have to activate and link the Exchange services to your new certificate:
- 1) Get the "Thumbprint" number of your certificate with the command:
Get-ExchangeCertificate -DomainName "mondomainprincipal.fr"Copy/paste the "Thumbprint" number
If you see your certificate's name several times, add " | fl " at the end of the command and find the last certificate by comparing their expiration date or their serial number (your certificate's serial number is available on it's status page).
Get-ExchangeCertificate -DomainName "mymaindomain.com" | fl
Enable-ExchangeCertificate cmdlet Enable-ExchangeCertificate at command pipeline position 1 Supply values for the following parameters: Services: SMTP,IIS,IMAP,POP Thumbprint: CE20B70F780CDFD72878F5496931F1A8AF1798A2 Confirm Overwrite existing default SMTP certificate, '43B7977C504C7A84422CB815065E1DE34D52CBD3' (expires 12/04/2015 12:42:43) with certificate, 'CE20B70F780CDFD72878F5496931F1A8AF1798A2' (expires 21/05/2012 01:59:59)? [Y] Yes [A] Yes to All [N] No [L] No to All [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is " Y "): Y
Create a PFX from Exchange 2010 / 2013We found this documentation explaining how to generate a PFX from a certificate in Exchange 2010 / 2013: http://exchangeserverpro.com/export-an-exchange-server-2010-certificate-to-exchange-2003
You can also use our certificate exportation procedure via MMC available here: "Create a certificate back-up".
Common issue: revocation check failed
This issue is caused by Exchange that wants to check the CRL during the certificate importation. If its tool (using WinHTTP) can't access the web, the operation fails.
The certificate status could not be determined because the revocation check failed
- vmake sure the firewall authorizes connections on port 80 (HTTP) to the authority server.
For example, for Comodo, run the command:
telnet ocsp.comodoca.com 80- deactivate the proxy
netsh winhttp reset proxy
or set-up the WinHTTP proxy
- with Comodo certificates:
netsh winhttp set proxy proxy-server="http=monproxy" bypass-list="*.comodoca.com"
- with TBS X509 certificates:
netsh winhttp set proxy proxy-server="http=monproxy" bypass-list="*.tbs-x509.com"
- with Globalsign certificates:
netsh winhttp set proxy proxy-server="http=monproxy" bypass-list="*.globalsign.com"
- with Thawte certificates:
netsh winhttp set proxy proxy-server="http=monproxy" bypass-list="*.thawte.com"
Common issue: The Certificate is Invalid for Exchange Server UsageYou probably have install the certificate without its certification chain (.cer) via the GUI interface. We advise to use the powershell to install our .p7b file.
In that situation, the better way to solve the issue is to request a certificate reissuance and to follow our instructions with the powershell.
You can also try to install the missing chain manually.
Check your certificate installation with Co-Pibot:On your certificate status page, click on the button "Check your certificate" to make sure your certificate has been correctly installed.
Last edited on 12/04/2013 13:25:23 --- [search]